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MODI FOR SOUTH INDIA-2: REJUVENATING KARNATAKA

by IRC-ADMIN - Mar 14 2019 4:03PM

It is a popular belief that Prime Minister Modi doesn’t command the same popularity in south Indian states as he enjoys in the north, more specifically, the Hindi heartland. His acceptance down south is not absent, albeit, is slimmer; now this can be resulting from the distorted notion that the Modi led government doesn’t caress the southern states enough. How much of truth does this conception hold anyway? Is the PM really ignoring South India? We dived in deeper and returned with an insight on how the Center extended itself to develop the southern states.

This is the second article in the series of "MODI FOR SOUTH INDIA". The first article in this series - "TRANSFORMING ANDHRA PRADESH" can be read here.

The Karnataka government has often criticized the Modi government of trying to destabilize the government. What is even more ironic is the fact that it is being said by the government led by an unhappy opportunistic alliance. It even leads to HD Kumaraswamy, the chief minister of Karnataka weeping tears due to this unhappy relationship with the Congress. Most of the arguments put forward by the Karnataka government against the Modi government are a farce and have come out of petty political reasons. In this name, the JDS led government has managed to siphon off funds that should have been used to develop Andhra Pradesh to fuel their propaganda including those of the highly hyped loan waivers. We had exposed this in our previous articles. It has been one of the primary beneficiaries of the outstanding projects brought about by the Modi government. Through this series called ‘Modi for South India’ we would be showing to you how the South Indian states have benefitted under Modi and some of the main projects that have come up in the state.

IIT DHARWAD
Indian Institute of Technology Dharwad (IIT Dharwad) is an autonomous premier engineering and technology university in Dharwad, India. The Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) at Dharwad started functioning from July 2016 in a temporary campus, previously of the Water and Land Management Institute (WALMI) in Belur village on the outskirts of Dharwad city. It was formally inaugurated on 28 August 2016. For the academic year 2016-2017, it offering B.Tech courses in three core branches: Electrical, Computer Science, and Mechanical. With the Ministry of Human Resource Development giving its approval for an IIT in Dharwad, the 17-year wait ended. The late Union Human Resources Development Minister S. R. Bommai had moved the proposal to the Centre seeking an IIT in Dharwad in the 1990s. In 1998, a committee headed by former ISRO chairman and space scientist Udupi Ramachandra Rao submitted its report recommending an IIT in Hubballi-Dharwad. In the 2015-16 union budget, an IIT was sanctioned for Karnataka state and the state government suggested three locations. The short-listed cities were Dharwad, Mysuru, and Raichur.

IIIT DHARWAD
Indian Institute of Information Technology, Dharwad (IIITDWD) is one of the 20 IIITs proposed under a non-profit, Public-Private-Partnership (PPP) model by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (India). It is an academic and research institute fully funded by the Government of India, the Government of Karnataka and industry partners like Keonics. The academic session for the year 2016-2017 has commenced in temporary premises located in a rented space. This is in the top floor of a commercial campus named IT Park, Hubballi, Dharwad District, Karnataka from 17 August 2015, with 4-year B. Tech. undergraduate programmes.

HASSAN AIRPORT
Hassan Airport is a greenfield airport project under construction at Boovanahalli village, 10 km from Hassan, Karnataka, India. The State government found the project financially un-viable and decided to revise the project plan in 2012. The Government of Karnataka floated the airport proposal at Hassan in 1967, keeping in view of the economic and tourism potentials of the district. The Public Works Department (PWD) of Government of Karnataka acquired 134.28 acres of land in 1972 for the airport project. However, the project was shelved until the 1990s. The proposal was revived again in 1996 and the PWD and Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), surveyed the area and evaluated the sites for the airport project. The site at Boovanahalli village was selected after a detailed study on the physical, environmental, meteorological and economic aspects. A notification was also made in the State Gazetteer and local dailies to invite interested bidders for the project. After technical and financial appraisals, the Hassan Airport Project was awarded to M/s Jupiter Aviation and Logistics Limited, Bangalore.

The project was to be implemented as a joint venture between the Government of Karnataka and Jupiter Aviation. The airport complex was to include a pilot training institute and an Aircraft maintenance center. An Agreement to construct the airport on Build-operate-transfer basis was signed on 6 September 2007, effective from the day of commissioning of the airport until the completion of 30 years of the lease period. The groundbreaking ceremony on August 26, 2007, was attended by former Prime Minister H.D. Deve Gowda The project requires 960 acres of land. The district administration acquired and handed over 536 acres of the total 960 acres required for the project. The remaining 424 acres is yet to be acquired and the project has failed to take off. The government of India has granted the approval for setting up of 15 Greenfield airports in the country on May 12, 2015. Among 15 Airports Hassan Also approved for Greenfield Airport. 

KARWAR AIRPORT
Karwar Airport is a proposed airport and will be built by the Indian Navy at Alageri village near Ankola, in Karnataka. The Airports Authority of India (AAI) will operate a civil enclave at the naval air base which is part of the Navy’s Rs 10,000 crore Phase 2 of Project Seabird. The naval air station is being built on 52 hectares primarily to cater to the Navy's large, ship-based helicopter units and Dornier 228 aircraft that will be stationed at the base. The commissioning of a Naval Air Station at Karwar will decongest INS Hansa at the nearby Dabolim Airport which is a front line Air Station that is highly congested with both operational and training flying. The resulting restrictions on civil commercial air traffic have met with opposition from civilian quarters since Goa is a popular tourist destination in India.

SHIMOGA AIRPORT
 Shimoga Airport is a greenfield airport to be built at Sogane Village, 8.8 km (5.5 mi) from Shimoga and 8.2 km (5.1 mi) from Bhadravathi in Karnataka, India. The airport was to be built under Public-private partnership (PPP) with the Government of Karnataka (GoK). However, due to delays in project execution, the contract was terminated in January 2015. 
The Government intends to find another private partner to take up the project. A team of experts from Airports Authority of India visited the two identified sites at Sogane near Shimoga and Nagarabavi Village near Ayanur on 4 April 2006. Of the two sites inspected by the AAI team, the one at Sogane was found most suitable due to its wind direction and velocity conditions. The only concern was that the land was uneven and needed to be leveled. The other site near Ayanur was found inadequate in width for the runway of the proposed airport. Nineteen companies had shown interest in developing the airport when the Government had called for an Expression of Interest (EoI) to develop airports in Gulbarga, Bijapur, and Shimoga. The project was awarded to a consortium of Maytas Infra Ltd ), NCC Infrastructure Holdings Ltd (NCC) and VIE India Project Development and Holding on 15 November 2007, on a BOT basis. Concession period was to be 30 years, to be extended for a further period of 30 years, by Mutual Agreement.

Shimoga Airport Developers Pvt Ltd (SADPL), a Special Purpose Company, was established to sign the Project Development Agreement (PDA) with the Infrastructure Development Department (IDD) of the Government of Karnataka. The Shareholding pattern of Maytas Infra, NCC and VIE was 37%, 37%, and 26% respectively in SADPL. The project development agreement was signed on 2 April 2008. The foundation stone for the Phase I construction was laid by former Chief Minister of Karnataka, Shri B. S. Yeddyurappa on 20 June 2008.

BELIKERI SEAPORT
Belekeri Port is located at binge bay, south of the Kali estuary and 27 km South to Karwar, Uttar Kannada Dist, Karnataka. For now second biggest port after Mangalore Port in Karnataka. The only main advantage is nearer to Hospet and Bellary cities which are major producers of Iron Ore. This port is mainly used for Exporting of Iron Ore. Vessels won't come to shore/berth. Ore is transported to ships in the sea through bargers. For now, three jettys are available for larger loading. Port is not well dredged. Some private companies are operating. In a major development that will boost development of trade and industry in districts of northern Karnataka, Union Minister for Road Transport, Highways and Shipping Nitin Gadkari announced that the Belekeri Port in Uttar Kannada district will be developed into a major port.

PADUR & MANGALORE STRATEGIC PETROLEUM RESERVES
The Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserve (ISPR) is an emergency fuel store of total 5.33 MMT (million metric tons) or 36.92 MMbbl of strategic crude oil enough to provide 10 days of consumption which are maintained by the Indian Strategic Petroleum Reserves Limited.

Strategic crude oil storages are at three underground locations in Mangalore, Visakhapatnam, and Padur (Udupi, Karnataka). All these are located on the east and west coasts of India which are readily accessible to the refineries. These strategic storages are in addition to the existing storages of crude oil and petroleum products. 

In the 2017-18 budget speech by the Indian finance minister Arun Jaitley, it was announced that two more such caverns will be set up Chandikhole in Jajpur district of Odisha and Bikaner in Rajasthan as part of the second phase. This will take the strategic reserve capacity to 15.33 million tons. Apart from this, India is planning to expand more strategic crude oil facilities in the second phase at Rajkot in Gujarat and Padur in Udupi district of Karnataka, the oil companies and serve in response to external supply disruptions. 

EXPANSION OF KAIGA NPP
Kaiga Generating Station is a nuclear power generating station situated at Kaiga, near the river Kali, in Uttar Kannada district of Karnataka, India. The plant has been in operation since March 2000 and is operated by the Nuclear Power Corporation of India. 

In December 2018, it got the distinction of setting a world record of continuous operation among all nuclear power plants. As on December 10, 2018, KGS-1, which was synchronized to India's Southern grid on May 13, 2016, continues to operate for a record number of 941 days. The previous record of continuous operation was held by Unit 8 of Heysham II, which operated from February 18, 2014, to September 15, 2016, for a record number of 940 days. 

Two PHWR units each producing 700 MW have been planned for this location. As of February 2017, pre-project activities have begun for them and if everything goes as planned the first of the two will become critical around 2024-25.

PAVAGADA SOLAR PARK
Pavagada Solar Park is a solar park spread over a total area of 13,000 acres (53 km2) in Pavagada taluk, Tumkur district, Karnataka. 600 MW of power was commissioned by 31 January 2018 and a further 1,400 MW are planned. The total investment required to build 2,000 MW of capacity was estimated at ₹14,800 crore (US$2.1 billion). By the end of 2018, the park is planned to have a total capacity of 2,000 MW and will be one of the world's biggest solar farms.

Karnataka Renewable Energy Development Ltd (KREDL) and the Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) established a joint venture company, the Karnataka Solar Power Development Corporation Ltd (KSPDCL), in March 2015 to implement solar power projects in Karnataka. The Chairman of the State High-Level Clearance Committee (SLHCC) approved the KSPDCL's proposal to construct a solar power park in Pavagada taluk on 29 October 2015. The project is spread over a total area of 13,000 acres (53 km2) which includes the 5 villages of Balasamudra, Tirumani, Kyataganacharlu, Vallur, and Rayacharlu.

FUNDING FOR KARNATAKA
The center under the NDA government has approved more than Rs 9,200 crore as central assistance for implementing urban development schemes (excluding metro rail) in Karnataka’s cities, according to a Rajya Sabha question dated April 5, 2018, answered by Minister of State Hardeep Singh Puri. Of this, Rs 3,800 crore has been released between the years 2014 to 2018.

The funding for various central government schemes increased multiple folds under NDA compared to UPA. All this is reflected in the developments the state has had in the NDA tenure be it urban planning or namma Bengaluru metro development. 

Hence, it is clear that Congress & JDS alliance was made in Karnataka not to benefit the people of Karnataka but to propagate lies and mislead the people of Karnataka. The smoke created by his political stunts has been used to siphon out money for his political party. Thus Cong & JDS in Karnataka is not any different from any other opposition leader as in West Bengal or Tamil Nadu; they are driven by hatred for Modi and least concerned for the people of their states. Anything Modi or the central government does is to be opposed is their unwritten rule. Plenty of examples for them. While the central government works for Sabka Vikas, they work for their own Vikas. Development all has seen greater improvements under the Modi government. 

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